Why did the acne jump up on my face again? Is it worth hoping that they will go away on their own? Everything you need to know about acne is right here.
What is acne?
Acne is a disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Most often, they appear due to hormones. The work of the sebaceous glands and follicles is associated with the exchange of sex hormones. When their balance is disturbed, acne appears.
Due to many androgens, the sebaceous glands work too hard, so sebum accumulates in the pores, which do not have time to remove it. The fat remains under the skin, the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes multiply in it (they live on everyone's skin but usually do not manifest themselves in anything). As a result, inflammation develops, and we see a common pimple.
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Who is at risk?
- All adolescents, because during the period of maturation, hormonal changes take place.
- People with a hereditary predisposition to acne.
- People with diseases of the hormonal system.
- Anyone with frequent skin irritations or wearing inappropriate cosmetics.
- People who are often nervous.
Does acne go away on its own?
Yes, when it comes to youthful acne. Often, when a person grows up, and the hormones calm down, the rash disappears. But there are times when the disease is delayed, even when the first rashes appear after 40 years.
What drugs are used to treat acne?
Several over-the-counter skin medications can be used without a dermatologist's instructions.
- Azelaic acid is the main active ingredient in creams and gels. Eliminates acne and whitens age spots that remain at the site of inflammation.
- Local antibiotics - erythromycin, clindamycin. They are part of ointments and solutions; it is not recommended to use them constantly because bacteria develop resistance.
- Benzoyl Peroxide - reduces inflammation and reduces sebum production.
- Adapalene, tretinoin - retinoids, substances that work in the follicles. It prevents pores from closing, helps with acne and blackheads.
How do you apply them?
Use the product on a small patch of skin on your arm for three days before the first use to check for allergies. These acne remedies dry out the skin a lot, so use moisturizing cosmetics for oily skin (based on water, not oils).
Protect your skin from the sun during treatment, as some medications make it more sensitive to UV light. Use any product for at least 8 weeks, optimally - 3 months. Only after such a time will it become clear whether the drug is helping you or not.
What doesn't work for acne?
First, extrusion. The elimination of one pimple does not fight the problem - increased glands and clogged pores. If the pimple is removed mechanically, then instead of it, a wound will turn out, and it is already inflamed. This means that it will take a long time to heal, and a high probability of getting a scar at the inflammation site.
Observe at least the following.
- Wash your hands with soap and water.
- Wipe the area of inflammation with a mild agent.
- Treat the wound with an antiseptic, such as chlorhexidine.
- Wash your hands before treating each inflammation.
Secondly, diet. Proper nutrition affects the skin condition as a whole, but you do not need to give up everything sweet and fat specifically. Third, harsh scrubs. They injure the skin and create conditions for the appearance of new inflammations.
What to do when acne does not go away?
Go to a dermatologist, who will prescribe systemic antibiotics that help specifically in acne, or isotretinoin, a strong retinoid that can fight even serious acne stages. Treatment with certain oral contraceptives helps women.
These medications have numerous side effects, so they must be taken under medical supervision.
Adapted and translated by The Cop Cart Staff
Sources: Life hacker