Learn the most effective remedies for sunbathers.
Dark spots that appear on the skin spoil the look and add years. We figured out where this attack comes from and how to return a healthy, even color to the face.
What are age spots
Hyperpigmentation is an uneven distribution of melanin pigment in the skin (it is he who gives the skin color). If you have freckles, you are familiar with this situation; it has been genetically developed that there are clusters of cells in certain areas in your skin that produce more melanin than others.
But freckles look cute and have been present since childhood; that is, their owners have time to get used to their peculiarities. Pigmented spots are another matter entirely. Often they appear suddenly, have a large uneven shape, and require dense tonal means to mask, which is not suitable for everyone.
The reason for the appearance of spots is a malfunction, as a result of which some of the skin cells begin to produce more melanin than before. Hyperpigmentation itself is not harmful. But it is a symptom of some changes in the body. Which, in turn, can be both neutral in terms of health and quite dangerous.
Read also: 10 Foods That Help Combat Skin Aging
What causes age spots
Failure of skin cells most often occurs for the following reasons.
1. Excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation
Ultraviolet light irritates melanocytes, the skin cells responsible for melanin production. Normally, this results in an even tan. But if you stimulate cells with an active sun often and a lot, some of them “go crazy” and begin to produce melanin day and night in horse doses.
Pigmented spots are frequent companions of fans of tanning salons and tanning beds.
2. Injuries to the skin, including sunburn
Sunburn is actually a defense mechanism. With the help of melanin, our body is protected from ultraviolet radiation, killing it. This dark pigment creates a kind of barrier around skin cells that scatters dangerous UVB rays.
From the point of view of the body, the areas where the skin is damaged are the areas where the skin is damaged Fromneed maximum protection. That is why melanocytes go into a mode of maximum activity, and damaged skin (it doesn’t matter if you combed your knee or walked under the sun and now your nose is peeling) darkens much more vigorously than neighboring areas.
3. Hormonal changes
Hormones also regulate melanin production. Pregnancy, birth control pills, and certain endocrine disorders can alter hormonal levels. As a result, age spots appear.
Over the years, the skin becomes thinner, and melanocyte cells appear.
5. Taking some medications
For example, tetracycline antibiotics, retinoids, and chemotherapy drugs
6. Malfunctions of internal organs
The appearance of age spots is often a distress signal from the liver, gallbladder, kidney, and other gastrointestinal tract organs.
How to start treating age spots
What doctors do not recommend is self-medication. It is only justified if you know exactly where the stain came from. For example, if pigmentation appears at the burn site.
The right decision is to go to a dermatologist with your spots. He will examine your skin, inquire about your lifestyle and medications, and look at your medical record to check for any underlying medical conditions. In some cases, you may be asked to have a biopsy to rule out the risk of developing melanoma.
Remember one thing: there is no point in treating age spots until you know the reasons for their appearance.
If pigmentation is associated with internal problems of the body, first, you need to cure them. Otherwise, the spots will appear over and over again.
How to get rid of age spots
But, let’s say everything is fine with your “inner world,” and the spots appeared for generally no reason. In this case, you can start fighting them. In fact, there are only two ways to get rid of age spots.
Make the skin denser, fuller
The goal is to enlarge the skin layer above the melanocytes by hiding the pigment. This can be achieved as follows
- Thoughtfully approach the choice of everyday cosmetics. You need products that provide powerful moisturizing and nourishing benefits.
- Establish a drinking regimen so that the body in general and the skin, in particular, receive the required amount of fluid.
Remove age spots
This can be done in different ways: from simple (and, unfortunately, not that effective) home to professional.
Absolutely all methods injure the skin. Therefore, when dealing with age spots, it is important to avoid the sun or use a cream with SPF-50 .
Otherwise, you will not win but only aggravate the pigmentation.
Hence an important recommendation; it is best to start the fight against unaesthetic stains in the fall. Thus, injured skin is less likely to meet direct sunlight.
1. Whitening creams and ointments
These products contain hydroquinone and retinoic acid, which provide the skin with easy exfoliation and accelerate cell regeneration. Do not buy these drugs yourself. Check with a dermatologist to avoid possible skin irritation.
2. Whitening masks
You can find similar cosmetic products in supermarkets and pharmacies. But many also use homemade masks made from available products.
The main secret of effectiveness: the mask must contain acid.
Below are a few recipes for similar masks, which are highly praised in all kinds of forums.
Yeast mask with lemon
Dissolve 20 g of yeast with 1 tablespoon of warm milk. Add a teaspoon of lemon juice. Apply the mixture on the face for 10 minutes, rinse thoroughly. Some people recommend applying a cold compress (gauze dipped in cold water) after the mask to soothe the skin.
Whitening mask with lemon and honey
Mix freshly squeezed lemon juice with honey in a 1: 1 ratio. Apply on a cleanly washed face; after 20 minutes, rinse with warm water.
Whitening kefir mask
Curdled milk and unsweetened yogurt are also suitable. Just apply kefir on the area with age spots for 15-20 minutes. Rinse with a couple of drops of lemon juice with water to remove greasy film from the skin.
This is the name for subcutaneous injections with special bleaching drugs. The same cream, but more effective. You can seriously lighten the age spots; however, it will take several sessions to eliminate it.
Many people try to get rid of stains using scrubs. Microdermabrasion is basically the same scrub, but instrumental. With the help of a special attachment, the beautician “polishes” the skin, removing the top layer damaged by the pigment.
Adapted and translated by The Cop Cart Staff
Sources: Life hacker