Everyone experiences an upset stomach and the accompanying pain in the stomach from time to time. Gastrointestinal problems can have various causes, from food poisoning to rotavirus infection (intestinal flu), gastritis, or gallstones. And all these reasons require an individual approach to treatment.
If the abdomen’s pain is palpable, does not go away for several hours, or appears regularly, you should consult a physician or gastroenterologist. He will diagnose and prescribe treatment. He will also tell you how to eat to alleviate the condition and the load on the gastrointestinal tract.
The principles of such nutrition can be applied independently. But only if you are sure that the discomfort is associated with mild poisoning or rotavirus infection. In any other case, it is still better to consult a doctor.
When you need not think about food, but urgently seek help.
Here is the signs indicating the fact that stomach pain is dangerous.
- Severe soreness arose after a blow to the abdomen.
- A tight feeling or chest pain accompanies the painre, sharp pain lasts longer than a few minutes and does not get better.
- Together with the pain, a high temperature appeared – above 38.5 ° C.
- Constantly vomiting or vomiting.
- There is blood in urine, stool, or vomit.
- The skin has acquired a yellow tint.
- It hurts to touch the stomach.
- The abdomen looks swollen.
- You are pregnant,, and the pain is accompanied by vaginal bleeding.
For these symptoms, dial 103 or 112 immediately, or go to the nearest emergency room. And only if there are no danger signs, but you want to eat, you can try something light to eat, according to the following rules.
How exactly to eat
Principles and therapeutic diets aimed at improving the statthe gastrointestinal tract the gastrointestinal tract us of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and gentle the food is generally the same. Here they are.
- Small portions. The digestiarare system is already not good, do not overload it with work. It is better to eat more often (for example, five to six times a day instead of the usual three), but little by little.
- Soft consistency. Food should be liquid, crushed, or soft, boiled, baked, or steamed, but not fried. Serve solid foods like mashed potatoes. Chew food thoroughly if, for some reason, you cannot grind or grind it.
- Body temperature. To facilitate digestion, heat food to a body temperature of 36–38 ° C.
- Sufficient amount of liquid. Diarrhea or vomiting, which often accompanies abdominal pain, can lead to dehydration. WHO recommends drink at least 2.7 liters of water per day if you are a woman and 3.7 liters if you are a man.
What can you eat
For each disease of the digestive system, there is a different diet. And if the doctor lists what foods you can and cannot eat, listen carefully and remember. In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, proper nutrition is no less important than medication.
If we are talking about banal indigestion, you can borrow foods and dishes from therapeutic diets that are easiest to digest and provide the body with the necessary energy.
- Bouillon. Transparent vegetable and low-fat meat broth – a perfect first course for those who feel better after a bout of abdominal pain and nausea. Boil it with minimal salt and no spices.
- Bananas. This is the first element of the so-called BRAT diet (Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, Toast – bananas, rice, applesauce, croutons), which is considered as gentle as possible. Bananas are soft, high in calories, and they also have a lot of potassium, which is needed to restore salt balance if you have had vomiting or diarrhea.
- Figure: Plain white rice cooked until soft. It is low in fiber, digests quickly and easily, provides the body with energy,, and improves diarrhea improves diarrhea like the banana.
- Baked apple puree. Apples contain a lot of pectins, thanks to which the puree will have a mild astringent effect and help to cope with diarrhea. Also, it is easy to digest and contains many beneficial substances.
- Crackers. Better white bread or rolls. Whole grain bread with indigestible fiber will not please your tired intestines.
What you can’t eat
While abdominal discomfort continues, skip the following foods.
- Everything hot and spicy. Forget about spices, pickles, smoked meats, pickled and canned foods until healthier times: they irritate the walls of an already irritated stomach and intestines.
- Fresh vegetables and fruits. They have a lot of coarse fiber, which means they are difficult to digest.
- Milk products. Especially fatty and fermented milk. If you feel like it, you can try to to skim milk or unsweetened and low-fat yogurt. But just a little bit.
- Fried and fatty. In general, try to eat less fat, because the body spends a lot of energy on digestion.
- Eggs. It’s not that simple with eggs. Steam omelets without yolks can be used for almost any disease, but boiled eggs and yolks are far from always
Read also: 5 Tips For Those Who Eat And Can’t Stop
What is important to remember
You should not stay too long on a sparing diet; it does not contain enough calories and essential nutrients. Once you feel better, come back to the usual diet.
And carefully monitor your well-being. If the painful sensations in the abdomen do not subside after 1-2 days, and even more so if they become more noticeable and are overgrown with other symptoms – fever, increased nausea and vomiting, weakness, palpitations, blood in the urine or feces, immediately contact a therapist, gastroenterologist or (depending on the severity of the symptoms) call an ambulance. Such signs may indicate developing appendicitis or an inflammatory process in one of the gastrointestinal tract organs. This is dangerous, so don’t waste time on a home diet – you definitely need the help of specialists.
Adapted and translated by The Cop Cart Staff
Sources: Life hacker